三招快速构思雅思作文框架

0 评论 加国无忧 51.CA 2012年3月19日 11:17 来源:环球雅思多伦多分校

面对雅思议论文写作,很多考生往往望题生畏,何故?要么无从下笔,不知道写什么好,要么不知所云,写完才发现离题万里。其实,如果有良好的构思方法,建立动笔前列提纲的习惯,一分钟的准备完全可以解决这个“顽疾”,从而真正确保后续半个小时写作的质量和价值。

方法一:就题写题

其实让我们痛苦的根源——考题——恰恰就是救命良方。不信?请看下题:

some people suggest that the unpaid community service should be a compulsory part of high school program, such as working in a charity organization, improving the relationship with the neighborhood, and teaching children sports. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

(高中是否应该将社会性义工作为强制的课程内容来安排?)

社会性义工(unpaid community service),这是什么东西?很多考生可能连自家家务还没做过几回,这个社工话题真的让很多人无语问苍天了。如果你已经开始头昏,冒冷汗,手脚发冷,那么接下来的一分钟,你将不药而愈:

在题目的后半部分,考官很“贴心”的为帮助考生理解题目补充了相关例子:" such as working in a charity organization, improving the relationship with the neighborhood, and teaching children sport"。那么试试从每个例子看看你能说些什么吧:

working in a charity organization:valuable working experience/ social responsibility/ sympathy to the people in need

improving the relationship with the neighborhood: social skills, such as communicative ability, respect for others, problem-solving, etc.

teaching children sport: patience training/ release parents' pressure of child-bearing/ modeling effects

是不是突然觉得“豁然开朗”了呢?这剂药方很简单:审题!尽其所能的利用题目里已经给出的线索来思考,尤其是例子。

那么请看下题,你知道这里重要的线索是什么了吗?

Some people think that cheaper and cheaper air travel benefits more people, while others believe that it may have negative impacts due to the environment and resource problems. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
(飞机票变便宜好不好?)

对了,就是题目里的条件限定词:

cheaper and cheaper: cost-saving- more air traveler- full use of the air transport capacity- shorten the gap between the rich and the poor

Environment and resource problem: main source of polluted air, like co2- greenhouse gas- polar ice melting/ huge amounts of energy in demand- energy crisis

请记住:第一也是最根本的构思出发点就是:审题,审题,还是审题!

方法二: 以实写虚

在雅思作文中,有这么一类考题,堪称考生的噩梦,甚至成了传说中的“恶狼的传说”。它们看上去要么比较抽象,要么比较空泛概括;看完后往往让人觉得“一头雾水”,无从下笔。比如下面这道经典考题:

A famous American director said" tomorrow is more important than today". Why should the future be paid more attention to by the individuals and the whole society?

(明天为什么比今天更重要?)

“明天?今天?”这个话题的确让很多考生觉得有点“虚”,有点“晕”。那么试试写点实在的吧,比如具体的例子,保管药到病除。

individuals: today v.s. Tomorrow- education arrangement v.s. career requirement

- rational money spending v.s. The secure and well-supported

retired life - maintaining physical health v.s. Fatal diseases

-insurance of life v.s. Possibility of injury or death

Society: - economy policy: sustainable v.s. short-term growth

- Education policy: vast investment v.s. future abundant workforce

那么我们再看看下一个有点“浮云”的例子:

Many people are optimistic about 21st century and see it as an opportunity to make positive changes to the world. To what extent do you agree or disagree with their optimism? What changes would you like to see in the new century?

“Changes“ 是不是很大的话题呢? 别急,你能举出几个具体的方面的变化吗?

经济文化科技教育? 是不是任何一个方面都能找到几个相关的变化呢?

例如,科技- 好的变化: 医学技术进步, 更多新能源的使用,

坏的变化: 环境恶化, 资源危机

方法三:分层思考:

很多考生面对考题,虽然可以想到一、两个相关点,却很难再做更多的扩展,因此在论证过程中很难再做进一步的证明。针对这个问题,考生不妨试试分层思考,肯定会有“柳暗花明又一村“的感觉。

例1:个人v.s. 集体/社会

In some countries, people of all ages are doing more amounts of sport and exercise. What are the benefits? Are there any drawbacks?

Sport and exercise :

Benefits- improve physical health(个人)

- Enhance working productivity (公司)

- Reduce health cost (国家)

Drawbacks- take time for other matters, such as study, work (个人)

- Pressure for the public facilities, such as gym, and swimming pool (社会)

例2: 好处 v.s. 弊端

Some people claim that people should not use live animals to test medicine or toiletry. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Live animal test:

Pros(好处)- reduce the risk of medicine

- Lower the cost the test

- High efficiency of the test results

Cons(坏处)- cannot be trusted completely

-waste resources, (too many unnecessary tests)

利用好这三招,我们可以大大节省在雅思写作上的时间,就不会在考场上再手忙脚乱,不知所云了。

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